Thu 24th Jul 2014 | Last updated: Wed 23rd Jul 2014 at 16:03pm

Facebook Logo Twitter Logo RSS Logo
Hot Topics

Latest News

Pope names six new cardinals

By on Wednesday, 24 October 2012

Cardinal-designate James Harvey, prefect of the papal household (Photo: CNS)

Cardinal-designate James Harvey, prefect of the papal household (Photo: CNS)

Pope Benedict XVI surprised pilgrims in St Peter’s Square this morning by announcing that next month he would create six new cardinals, including 63-year-old US Archbishop James Harvey, prefect of the papal household.

The Pope said the consistory to create the new cardinals, who come from six countries, would take place on November 24, the feast of Christ the King.

It will be the smallest group of cardinals created since the 1977 consistory when Pope Benedict, the then Archbishop Joseph Ratzinger, received his red hat from Pope Paul VI along with three other churchmen.

The new cardinals will also include Lebanon’s Maronite Patriarch Bechara Rai, 72, Archbishop Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal, 53, head of the Syro-Malankara Catholic Church, Nigerian Archbishop John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan of Abuja, 68, Colombian Archbishop Ruben Salazar Gomez of Bogota, 70, and Philippine Archbishop Luis Tagle of Manila, 55.

Pope Benedict made the announcement at the end of his weekly general audience, which was attended by about 20,000 pilgrims. As is usual, Cardinal-designate Harvey was seated next to the Pope during the audience. While he did not visibly react when his name was announced, the new cardinal-designate smiled and had a brief moment with the Pope before returning to his normal duties of helping lead important guests up to the Pope.

The Pope said he was naming Cardinal-designate Harvey the new archpriest of Rome’s Basilica of St Paul Outside the Walls.

Telling the crowd that he had the “great joy” of announcing new cardinals, Pope Benedict said cardinals have “the task of helping the successor of Peter in his ministry” of strengthening people’s faith and promoting the unity of the Church.

The Pope asked Catholics to pray that the new cardinals would “always love Christ and his Church with courage and dedication”.

Of the six soon-to-be cardinals, only Cardinal-designates Harvey and Salazar were not members of the world Synod of Bishops on the new evangelisation, which was meeting at the Vatican when the Pope made his announcement.

As the Pope climbed into the popemobile at the end of the audience, Vatican security officers and Vatican ushers approached Cardinal-designate Harvey and shook his hand in congratulations.

The consistory will bring the total number of cardinals to 211 and the number of cardinals under the age of 80 to 120. Until they reach their 80th birthdays, cardinals are eligible to vote in a conclave to elect a new pope.

Pope Paul VI limited the number of cardinal-electors to 120. After the November 1 birthday of Nigerian Cardinal Francis Arinze and the November 23 birthday of Italian Cardinal Renato Martino, there will be six vacancies.

Cardinal-designate Harvey has worked at the Vatican for 30 years. Born in Milwaukee on October 20, 1949, he was ordained to the priesthood in 1975 by Pope Paul.

He entered the Vatican’s diplomatic corps and spent two years as a Vatican diplomat in the Dominican Republic before being transferred to the Vatican Secretariat of State in 1982. In 1997, he was named assessor of the secretariat, a rank similar to that of an undersecretary at a Vatican congregation, and in 1998 Pope John Paul II named him prefect of the Papal Household, the office responsible for organising papal audiences, including those with heads of state.

When Cardinal-designate Harvey becomes a cardinal, the United States will have 19 cardinals, 11 of whom will be under 80 and thus eligible to vote in a conclave to elect a pope.

Contributing to this story was Carol Glatz.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    No Nichols nor Roche, thanks be to God.

  • aspiring lay capuchin

    All deserving names. NO Vincent. That comes next year as am I to understand the current cardinal (Cormac Murphy O’Connor) is not yet 80?

    I hope that there will be more than 13 cardinals next year and maybe again 2 consistories next year and the number can exceed 120.

    Does any know how many cardinals this Pope has personally created?

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Let’s hope it doesn’t come next year, or ever.

  • Louis

     Why do we expect certain diocesan bishops to be made cardinals? Archbishop Nichols is evidently embarrassed by the speculation as he once shrugged it off as something which just “goes with the job,”  as did Cardinal Hume did before him.

    Isn’t it time that the notion of cardinalitial sees is abolished? The cardinalate is, after all, in the personal gift of the Pope. To infer that it goes with the job, while sparing the Archbishop of any embarrassment, inadvertently debases the office of cardinal.

  • Tom

    Cardinal Murphy-O’Connor turned 80 in August this year – so he is now a non-voting cardinal and no longer a member of the Congregation for Bishops. The pope can choose to appoint Archbishop Nichols whenever he wishes. He has not chosen to do so this time around. Speculation as to why not is futile. 

  • Cjkeeffe

    He has created 84, but at least 20 where over teh age to take part in a consistory.

  • Jfhumphreys

    This consistory is clearly just ‘bums on seats’ so to speak. Archbishop Vigneron of Detroit awaits a red hat , despite Cardinal Maida being over 80. A Cardinal in the Phillipines was a shoe-in because of Catholic population. And Archbishop Harvey will be taking over at a Roman basilica , which again brings membership of the Cardinalate. Archbishop Roche won’t become a Cardinal as a secretary. Archbishop Nicholls will no doubt get his day at the next consistory. He has ‘missed out’ purely on numbers of places available , not because he leads possibly the most pointless and useless group of Bishops in Europe (with the odd exception !).

  • Michael Harris

    a) London is the largest city in Europe, and Pope Benedict XVI is very keen on re-evangelising Europe. London is also a world capital. This is why Westminster ranks so highly within the universal Church – it is the new Canterbury, is it not?

    b) The 2010 Papal visit to the UK was very successful  by all accounts, and one would have thought that the ‘de facto’ head of the Catholic Church in England and Wales would have been awarded a red hat even back then.

    c) ‘Nichols will no doubt get his in the next consistory’ – how many times have we heard this? He was passed over last time, with many saying it was because his predecessor was not yet 80. But that didn’t stop the Archbishop of New York being appointed to the Sacred College, despite his predecessor being a voting-age Prince of the Church, I believe.

    d) Don’t be surprised if the current Archbishop of Westminster gets ‘promoted’ to Rome sometime soon, or even transferred to another see. When that happens, expect a swift replacement, and a swifter red hat for the new man.

    At this most vital of times in our history, when the Church is about to enter a great persecution and when marriage itself is being destroyed by an intolerant and insane state, we need men who are clear in their defence of truth and their flocks. Not bishops who back church-based groups that advocate same-sex marriage or who seem oblivious to the fact that Christians are losing their jobs / livelihoods because they will not conform to the ‘spirit of the age’. 

  • Patrickhowes

    You read my mind!Can he take his entourage with him?’

  • Jfhumphreys

    Archbishop Dolan became a Cardinal two months before Cardinal Egan reached 80 . I notice the new Prefect of the CDF also didn’t receive a red hat , which , I guess , proves my numbers theory .
    The Papal visit was a great success , but I put this down more to Pope Benedict himself rather than great planning .
    Thankfully , we are saying cheerio to some of our older Bishops , perhaps we can have some more Davies’ , Egans’ and Gilberts’ .

  • tom

    The exceptions (two that I can think of) are not odd – they’re orthodox.

  • Jfhumphreys

    Haha !! Very true . We must be thinking of the same two . Some of the rest aren’t even Catholic – never mind Orthodox .

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Nichols doesn’t deserve to be the poorest parish priest in the meanest parish in the worst country in the world, let alone a Prince of Holy Mother Church, while he presides over that pick-up joint for the depraved, otherwise known as the Soho “Gay Masses”.

  • Jon Brownridge

    It is time to admit lay men and women to the College of Cardinals. This is not a new idea, of course. Before 1917 one did not need to be a cleric to be a Cardinal. Many lay Cardinals have made valuable contributions throughthe college throughout the history of the Church.

  • Annie

    ‘Cardinal Egan’ has a nice ring to as does ‘Cardinal Davies’.  

  • Annie

    ‘Cardinal Egan’ has a nice ring to as does ‘Cardinal Davies’.  

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Too early to tell for sure.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Name some and their contributions. 

  • Lunik

    Italy is only 50 million Catholics, why they have 30 Cardinals? Philippines have only Tagle inspite that there are 75 million Catholics. So bias!!!!

  • Cassey

    I agree to Lunik, Brazil have 120 million Catholics, Mexico have 90 million Catholics, Philippines with only one Cardinal have 75 million Catholics…However Italy have only 55 million Catholics…but they have 30 Cardinals more than those 3 countries combined…This is NOT RIGHT!!! It seems that the Catholic Church Hierarchy is only for the Italians!!!!

  • Yehesuwah

    Thats right, politics in Vatican..its a deadly sin for the Cardinals being bias and wants to control the papacy…I’ve been a seminarian before wanted to become a priest but thrown out from the College because I came from the third world..!!! The Europeans want to control the papacy and the number of prelates. That’s my observation!!!

  • JabbaPapa

    No +Westminster !!!

    (though I’m a little surprised AB Müller has not been elevated)

  • aspiring lay capuchin

    If Cormac Murphy O’Connor is not yet 80 years old then Vincent cannot be elevated. Cannot have 2 English cardinals at the same time. Don’t know why? because in Italy you can have many cardinals. But in England it never happened. 
    Cormac is still the cardinal for England and Wales. So when Cormac is 80 and unable to vote in a conclave, then there will be no English Cardinal. At that time Vincent WILL BE elevated. It is a certainty! Westminster is the premier see in England and the occupant is ALWAYS the cardinal of England and Wales. Unless Pope B16 choses another to be the cardinal. That too can happen but it will be a BIG BIG SHOCK

  • nytor

    I have a fantasy which revolves around two “ifs”: Davies translated from Shrewsbury to Liverpool, and then the Red Hat being conferred on Liverpool not Westminster…

  • nytor

    A “Catholic” headteacher. I think whoever your bishop is should take a closer look at the schools in his diocese.

  • nytor

    Henry Cardinal Duke of York (who was a lay cardinal for many years before becoming a priest) used to keep a very fine establishment, but I don’t think we regard keeping a good table as being a requisite cardinalitial quality these days.

  • nytor

    Don’t forget his crimes against the EF and other scandals.

    SP lays out that seminarians should learn to say the EF. This is the wish of the pope. Yet Nichols states that English seminarians “do not have time”, notwithstanding that they have 7 years in seminary to learn about how to be fluffy and touchy-feely.

    Nichols is the one who persuaded Rome to make standing for communion the “liturgical norm” in England and Wales as “standing is a sign of respect in our Western culture”.

    Nichols is the man who offered flowers to a heathen idol.

    I could go on.

    Time to depose him, Your Holiness, he is not a fit person to lead the English Church.

  • nytor

    Because the Vatican is surrounded by Italy and one has to be fluent in Italian to operate effectively in the curia. In any case cardinals are the clergy of the Roman Church, in theory at least, so it is natural that more of them are Italian.

  • google man

     wikipedia lists that Pope Benedict XVI would have created a total of 82 cardinals deacons and priests by the end of this year including the six about to be elevated

  • google man

     making cardinals is the prerogative of the Pope. They are appointed. He may be advised by the Congregation of Bishops or the Nuncioin London. If he deems Vuincent capacble and suitable Vincent will get the red hat. Many said that Donal Wuerl was passed over many times. He eventually made the elite group. John Foley was passed over many times. he died a cardinal. Avery Dulles was raised from the level of a priest to that of a cardinal, an unheard of feat.Dulles defended the magisterium against the liberals and the liberation theologians. He took on the attack on behalf of the former Pope. If you do that of course you will be rewarded.
    I was diappointed that Sean Brady was elevated under this Pope.Even though he knew about the abuse scandals in Ireland he elevated Brady. How strange. Ireland must be a big financial donor to Rome. Maybe its possible to “buy” the scarlet hat, by contributions from your archdiocese?

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Well, that’s a contribution of sorts. I await a full answer from our ‘Catholic’ Headmaster.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Then we look forward to being shocked.

  • http://profile.yahoo.com/PWZKI7JBARE4DDT3NQ22RWMOJE Benedict Carter

    Too true. And there is the sacrilegious scandal of the Soho homo “Masses”. Eyewitnesses have stated categorically that these are used as a pick-up joint by the attendees (I can’t use the word “congregation”).

  • aspiring lay capuchin

     Its a bit unkind to wish that the AB is transferred to another see and his replacement at Westminster would get the red hat easily. I have never met Vincent but please restrict crude comments. It could happen, but please consider Vincent a man of God even if you feel he is too accommodating of liberal causes. Can you not think about it more positively thatin his actions he shows that the church is for everyone and Jesus Christ loves all.

    Maybe since Basil Hume died the Westminster see has lost its shine. Other Ab’s like Bernard Longley’s at Brimingham? seem more impressive. And I understand the Benedictine abbott Hugh Gilbert refused the AB at Westminster. So its not much sort after anyway.

  • Jon Brownridge

     Retired headmaster, actually.

  • Jon Brownridge

     But Benedict Cardinal Carter has a nice ring to it…

  • JabbaPapa

    I *think* it might still be possible for a layman to be elevated Cardinalis in cordibus — we still have no idea about the identity of the Cardinalis in cordibus that Pope John Paul II supposedly elevated in secret.

    As for lay women, forget it !!!

  • JabbaPapa

    Bring it on, carissime Benedicte !!!

  • JabbaPapa

    Nichols is the one who persuaded Rome to make standing for communion the
    “liturgical norm” in England and Wales as “standing is a sign of
    respect in our Western culture”.

    If that’s his reasoning, then it’s wrongful — the standing posture is a posture of humility, presenting oneself as if naked and as one is before God.

    The true scandal is in those bishops and priests who try to forbid the kneeling posture.

  • Jon Brownridge

     If you are referring to the concept of lay Cardinals, my bishop has stated publicly that it is a concept that should be considered. After all, it was the norm for 1900 years.

  • 2_Armpits_4_Sister_Sarah

    Retired headmaster are we? I wouldn’t have guessed …

  • 2_Armpits_4_Sister_Sarah

    Davies’ recent comments about the pre-V2 Popes suggests to me that he cannot even grasp the Pope’s dubious hermeneutic of continuity project let alone full blown Catholic tradition.

  • nytor

    What did he say?

  • nytor

    Which bishop? a norm it may have been, but you will find that women were never so admitted.

  • nytor

    If I am ever Julius IV, he wll be so created!

  • nytor

    Ah. I knew that only someone elderly could espouse the views which you hold. How does it feel knowing that we younger Catholics reject utterly your liberal heterodoxies?

  • nytor

    Cardinal Murphy-O’Connor IS now 80 so your argument does not hold. In any case the pope can do as he will. He has not preferred the idol-appeasing, EF-opposing, irreverent communion proposing archbishop of Westminster and hopefully he never will.

  • nytor

    I doubt that you were thrown out because you came from the third world.

  • nytor

    Unkind? For the sake of the English Church Nichols ought to be transferred. Unkind be damned!

  • nytor

    Amen.