Sat 1st Nov 2014 | Last updated: Fri 31st Oct 2014 at 16:19pm

Facebook Logo Twitter Logo RSS Logo

Latest News

Pope Francis promises ‘renewed collaboration’ with Jewish people

By on Monday, 18 March 2013

Pope Francis waves to the crowd as he leaves his first Angelus (Photo: CNS)

Pope Francis waves to the crowd as he leaves his first Angelus (Photo: CNS)

Pope Francis has said he plans renewed cooperation to further Catholic-Jewish relations and hopes to contribute to a world where all people live in harmony with the “will of the Creator”.

In a message to Chief Rabbi Riccardo di Segni of Rome, the Pope said he “profoundly hopes to be able to contribute to the progress that Jewish-Catholic relations have seen starting from the Second Vatican Council, in a spirit of renewed collaboration”.

He said he also hoped to be “at the service of a world that may grow in harmony with the will of the Creator”.

The Pope sent his “cordial greetings” to the head of Rome’s Jewish community on the evening of his election and told the rabbi that his installation Mass would be held tomorrow. The Vatican released a copy of the message to journalists on Friday.

The Vatican newspaper, L’Osservatore Romano, reported that Rabbi di Segni planned to attend the installation Mass.

The rabbi sent his best wishes to the new Pope, hoping his leadership would be graced with “strength and wisdom in the formidable task that has been entrusted” to him.

“In the past decades, Rome has been a privileged place where historical steps have been taken in Christian-Jewish relations,” Rabbi di Segni said.

Pope Francis’s election as Bishop of Rome “gives us the hope that the journey of friendship, respect and fruitful collaboration will continue”, he said.

Israeli President Shimon Peres congratulated Pope Francis, inviting him “to pay a visit to the Holy Land at the earliest possibility”.

“He’ll be a welcome guest in the Holy Land, as a man of inspiration that can add to the attempt to bring peace in a stormy area,” he said in a written statement.

“The relations between the Vatican and the Jewish people are now at their best in the last 2,000 years and I hope they will grow in content and depths,” the president said, adding that the new Pope “represents devotion, the love of God, the love of peace, a holy modesty and a new continent which is now awakening”.

“We need, more than ever, a spiritual leadership and not just a political one. Where political leaders may divide, spiritual leaders may unite: unite around a vision, unite around values, unite around a faith that we can make the world a better place to live. May the Lord bless the new Pope,” Peres wrote.

Abraham Foxman, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, called Pope Francis’s election “a significant moment in the history of the Church” that will foster positive relations in the wake of “the transformational papacies of Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI – pontiffs who launched historic reconciliation between the Catholic Church and the Jewish people,” he said.

“There is much in his record that reassures us about the future,” Mr Foxman said, including “the new Pope’s sensitivity to the Jews”.

  • NatOns

    God bless Il Papa Poverello. This is a tender act of love, not a politic or political ploy. Would that he had a tender spot in his heart for traditional orthodox Catholics, and the genuine humility to show such generous outreach.

    Sadly, there seems to be no such tenderness or charitable self-effacement in terms of Christ in the Divine Liturgy. Yet our Holy Father’s evangelic sensitivity does glow full bright in his life and words, a living homily indeed. My heartfelt pain, however, is as much for his own choices as for his omissions; to understand what I mean consider another recent papal enthronement:

    There may be some who will castigate His Holiness Pope Tawadros II of lacking in humility because he was crowned amid unabashed rejoicing, perhaps they might attack him for lack of sensitivity toward the poor in the wealth of heavenly liturgy, even denounce him for callousness for the dire plight of his people amid his splendour. To do so would merely show their own Judas-spirit toward the glory of the Lord, for it is God who is blessed, praised and implored by the people .. poor and hard-pressed as they are .. in that welcome to their allotted father. In fact, from my own narrow perspective, it is the Judas-spirit that weighs the cost of every material thing but knows not the value of a Divine Liturgy, and thus betrays the Lord for man’s estimation; please God, Pope Francis can express his innate humility not just from a liberated theology basis but moreso from the Sacred Tradition of the Church Catholic (committed to his care with each soul) .. and I feel sure in time he shall.

  • PaulF

    It is clear in Scripture that the Jews are God’s separated people forever. As Christians we want them to be believing Jews, but of course Jewish Christians will remain Jews and Gentile Christians will remain Gentile. The distinction is biblical, and is not subject to change by man. It is essential that we Christians understand this so that we place no obstacle in the way of Jews coming to faith in Christ.
    It is encouraging to see Pope Francis’ comments in regard to the Jews, and to see no indications that he will be following the confused thinking and practices of earlier times in regard to occultic religion.

  • James M

    “Abraham Foxman, national director of the Anti-Defamation League, called
    Pope Francis’s election “a significant moment in the history of the
    Church” that will foster positive relations in the wake of “the
    transformational papacies of Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI –
    pontiffs who launched historic reconciliation between the Catholic
    Church and the Jewish people,” he said.”

    ## Not encouraging :(

  • Lee

    He will basically renew relations with folks who are a thorough break from Judaism, who reject Jesus Christ and actually hate him. Chastisement here we come !

  • Erin Pascal

    “Pope Francis has said he plans renewed cooperation to further Catholic-Jewish relations and hopes to contribute to a world where all people live in harmony with the “will of the Creator”.” I think that this is a good plan. Pope Francis wants a world of peace and love. The church doesn’t need more enemies so why not make friends instead? :)

  • Julian Lord

    No —

    a) he’s forgetting the immense influence of Pope John Paul I — because he’s thinking with a secular framework, not in the Spirit of our Church

    b) it’s not “the Catholic Church and the Jewish people”, it’s the Christian Faith and the Jewish religion. This “reconciliation” that he’s on about is a weasel word, to suggest an antagonism that has nothing whatsoever to do with either the reality of Catholic Christianity, or the continual worship by all orthodox Christians and all orthodox Jews of The One True God.

  • Julian Lord

    HH Benedictus XVI Emeritus points out in his trilogy Jesus of Nazareth that Scripture describes the conversion of the Jews as taking place after ALL of the Gentiles will have been converted to Christianity.

  • Aaron

    I am a Jew who was received into the Catholic Church. This would not have happened if not for the recent Popes opening up dialogue and understanding, so I suppose I owe my salvation to what you think is deserving of chastisement. It is much easier to hate Christ when His followers appear to hate you, than when they are willing to talk. It is much easier to receive truth from the post-VII Popes, than the Catholics who burned my family out of pre-war Poland or that SSPX bishop who travels the world speaking on behalf of holocaust-deniers.

  • Jason

    If orthodox Jews deny the trinity, how can they be worshiping the “one true God?”

  • AlanP

    How sad to see that anti-Semitism is still alive in the Church.

  • jae

    That is what we are talking about, what VII has done is really amazing for the Church standing head on with the modern world yet at the same time NOT of this world.

    Dont let a few (SSPXers) let you down.

  • jae

    Is the “one true God” also the same known by the name of Yahweh, I’am, God of Abraham and Jacob?? If so, then Jewish are worshipping the one, true God, if not, then the one true God is not the same as Yahweh, I’am, God of Abraham and Jacob.

    Read the Church’s teaching on Culpable and Non-Culpable ignorance.

  • Julian Lord

    I’m not claiming that the Jews have accepted the Revelation given to us in our Christ.

    No matter how much they deny the Trinity, the Trinity is present in God.

    The difficulty is that they do worship God, anyway.

    Our Father in the Trinity is the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Moses ; as well as of the Baptist, of Aquinas, and of Bernadette.

  • Julian Lord

    Well spoken !!!

    And welcome !!

  • PaulF

    JabbaPapa, much as I hate all forms of anti-Semitism, I cannot ignore those NT texts which deny that unbelieving Jews can worship the true God. The NT writers, and Jesus himself, were addressing their fellow Jews in the first instance when they made it clear that God can now only be approached through Jesus. And Jesus declared to his fellow Jews that they would not see him again until they say, Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, that is, Jesus (Matthew 23:39).
    These passages sound harsh on unbelievers, whether Jews or Gentiles, but they are a priceless gift from God because in them the Holy Spirit protects God’s people by directing them to the only source of salvation, which is faith in Christ.

  • Julian Lord

    unbelieving Jews = café catholics/”cultural” catholics

    You make a good point, but I think we’re asked to reflect on these words that you refer to, rather than base some sort of exclusionary attitudes upon them. (oh, and I’m not accusing you of ANY form of anti-semitism, it’s important to be VERY clear on this, given the context) :-)

  • PaulF

    Jae, I have no desire to condemn anyone, but Jesus gave his fellow Jews, and all of us, a very simple message in John 8: If you want to belong to the God of Abraham, do what Abraham did. What did Abraham do? “Abraham rejoiced to see my day; he saw it and was glad” (John 8:56). To worship the God of Abraham, rejoice in the coming of Jesus.
    There is no fudge in the word of God. That is what I love about it. God doesn’t play games with words. He really means what he says.

  • jae

    Correct, however, God also is faithful to His promises to Abraham and the Israelites, Genesis 12:3, “I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” God really means what He says.

    Galatians 3:6-9. “Those who have the faith of Abraham will share Abraham’s reward.”

    John 4:22, Christ also said, “for Salvation comes from the Jews.”

    Again, you have to read the Vincible and Invincible ignorance of moral theology and Faith in relation to the Jewish religion to make sense of these seemingly contradicting passages. If taken out of context, look at the protestant hyper-fundamentalists have been shouting at the rooftops.

  • rowan carstairs

    Maybe, the new pope will have the courage to condemn Israel and the Zionists for their ethnic cleansing of the Palestinians from their own land and the war crimes committed on a daily basis by the “IDF”.

  • Timotheos

    Says Foxman: “The relations between the Vatican and the Jewish people are now at their best in the last 2,000 years”.

    So what exactly do jews want from these “relations”? They want everyone to celebrate Nostra Aetate, to apologize to them for past “persecution”, to denounce the Church’s perennial teachings on the jews as “anti-semitic”, to maintain that their superseded “covenant” is still valid, to profess that jews can be saved sans baptism and profession of the Christian faith, to adopt the new religion of Holocaustianity, in a word, to betray Christ who taught us that to reject Him is to reject the Father, to be a creature of Satan and an antichrist.

    Only an antipope could accommodate their wishes.

  • PaulF

    Every citation you make is fully acceptable as long as it is understood in the light of Christ. Salvation is indeed of the Jews, and that is why our debt of gratitude to them is eternal.
    Be careful with vincible and invincible ignorance. It is not for us to make judgments of anyone’s guilt or innocence, that is for God to do. Whether people are vincibly or invincibly ignorant does not alter God’s word one whit, and we must not be so concerned to establish the invincibility of people’s ignorance as to deny truth and affirm falsehood.
    You cannot appeal to Abraham against Christ because neither Abraham nor the word of God will support you in doing so.

  • PaulF

    The issue here is the central issue of faith. We are certainly to reflect on the words in question, and we are called to do more than that. We are called to believe them and to confess them. They are the truth of salvation. Salvation without Jesus is a contradiction and it is our task as a church is to proclaim this and on no account to confuse people about it.

  • jae

    Agreed, the only aim why I pointed out the Vincible and Invincible ignorance was that there still is a chance of Salvation to people of goodwill, born outside of the Church, who through no fault of their own didn’t know Christ or the Gospel. It’s taught in Sacred Tradition and Scripture.

    I do not appeal to Abraham against Christ, oh no, in fact both are complimentary to each other, like all the Books in Scripture.

  • PaulF

    We are not called to go out into the whole world and tell people they are invincibly ignorant. We have no authority whatever to do that. It would be totally unhelpful and insulting. We are called to go out into the whole world and proclaim the good news. If we don’t do so it is because we don’t really believe it ourselves. Confession and faith tend to stand or fall together.

  • jae

    I have no disagreement with what you have said and for once just to make it end, NO ONE is telling anybody that they are invincibly ignorant nor do I claim have the authority to say that to people. The crux of the argument is that there EXIST a moral Teaching of the Church from Sacred Tradition, Scripture and the Council of Trent particularly about the scenario. Ultimately it is God who will decide if they are vincibly or invincibly ignorant.

    God has bound Salvation through His Sacraments but God IS NOT BOUND BY HIS SACRAMENTS to save anybody to whatever He pleases. Sacraments are signs and channels of his Grace but God is way bigger than His Sacraments, HE IS GRACE HIMSELF.

    Again, nobody is saying and preaching to them that it’s perfectly alright for not knowing and seeking the Gospel and that they are covered NOR it exempts us Catholics to do the evangelization to the ends of the earth.

  • PaulF

    Sure. You are saying that people can worship the true God without reference to Christ. And when it is pointed out that Scripture teaches otherwise, you invoke invincible ignorance.

    The confusion is very common in our church. I hope and pray that the confusion will lift, the time of darkness and shame will pass, and we will experience a new springtime in the fulfilment of our mission.

  • PaulF

    JabbaPapa – re your last sentence, I agree it is important to be clear that proclaiming the truth of salvation is in no way an act of hostility.

  • Jae

    Are you even a catholic Paul? The problem with your assertion is, you just dismissed my position without you giving any support from Scripture or Tradition.


    John 9:40,” And some of the Pharisees which were with him heard these words, and said unto him, Are we blind also?
    41 Jesus said unto them, If ye were blind, ye should have no sin: but now ye say, We see; therefore your sin remaineth.”

    John 15:22, Jesus Christ said, ” If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloak for their sin.”


    Let me quote tradition:

    – St. Robert Bellarmine in his work” De Ecclesia Militante” states “there are those who belong to the soul (of the Church) and not the body, as [are] catechumens or the excommunicated, if indeed they have charity (state of grace), which can happen.” Again he also affirms that “Catechumens however if not in re at least in voto (desire)are in the Church and are therefore able to be saved.”

    –St. Thomas Aquinas when speaking of the salvation of
    infidels states that, Sent. III, 25, Q. 2, A. 2, solute. 2:

    “If a man should have no one to instruct him, God will show him, unless he culpably wishes to remain where he is.” “Granted that everyone is bound to believe something explicitly, no untenable conclusion follows even if someone is brought up in the forest or among wild beasts. For it pertains to divine providence to furnish everyone with what is necessary for salvation, provided that of his part there is no hindrance.

    “Thus, if someone so brought up followed the direction of natural reason in seeking good and avoiding evil, we must most certainly hold that God would either reveal to him through internal inspiration what had to be believed, (in which case a desire for baptism would still be necessary).”

    –”Some have received the invisible sanctification
    without visible sacraments, and to their profit; but though it is possible to
    have the visible sanctification, consisting in a visible sacrament, without the invisible sanctification, it will be to no profit.” Since, therefore, the
    sacrament of Baptism pertains to the visible sanctification; it seems that a
    man can obtain salvation without the sacrament of Baptism, by means of the invisible sanctification”.

    - St. Augustine also distinguishes between the sacrament of Baptism and the turning of the heart to God. He teaches that if either of these conditions cannot be secured, the other will be sufficient. A baptized Child is saved, without turning its heart to God, should it die before coming to the age of reason, and a man who turns his heart to God is saved without water baptism, provided he in no way despise the sacrament.

    –As early as 1713 Clement XI condemned in his dogmatic
    Bull “Unigenitus” the proposition of the Jensenist Quesnel that
    affirmed that “no grace is given outside the Church” just as Alexander VIII has already condemned in 1690 the Jansenistic proposition of Arnauld that “Pagans, Jews, heretics, and other people of the sort, receive no influx [of grace] whatsoever from Jesus Christ”.

    –Pope Pius XII exclaimed the same when he stated, “those who do not belong to the visible Body of the Catholic Church . . . we ask each and every one of them to correspond to the interior movements of
    grace, and to seek to withdraw from that state in which they cannot be sure of their salvation. For even though by an unconscious desire and longing they have a certain relationship with the Mystical Body of the Redeemer, they still remain deprived of those many heavenly gifts and helps which can only be enjoyed in the Catholic Church. Therefore may they enter into Catholic unity and, joined with us in the one, organic Body of Jesus Christ, may they together with us run on to the one Head in the society of glorious love”.

    Concerning the necessity of the sacraments for salvation Peter Lombard (1160 AD) points out that, “God did not bind his power by the Sacraments.”[8] In other words, God is not bound by the sacraments to
    draw men to heaven (Cf. Job 33:15-18). St. Thomas Aquinas affirms the same as he points out “It belongs to the excellence of Christ power, that He (Christ) could bestow the sacramental effect without conferring the exterior sacrament. (Visible Church)”

    So, the passage UR3/5 of VatII doesn’t mean that only through the Catholic Church the means of salvation can be reached, but that these means can be reached albeit not in fullness as found in the Catholic Church.

    Likewise, the passage UR4/6 when it asserts that the Catholic Church possesses all the means of grace, it doesn’t rule out that some
    of these means are possessed by the non-Catholic communities. From all this it is evident why “though we believe that” the non-Catholics communities “are defective. Christ’s Spirit has not refused to employ them as means of salvation” UR3/4 – the passage of which the SSPX has totally misunderstood.

    Thus Trent’s “Baptism by desire” is almost verbatim with the current Catechism which states:

    –”Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or his Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions to do his will as they know it through the dictates of their conscience – those too may achieve eternal salvation.” CCC337

    It is only with a proper understanding of the faith that we are able to put the Church’s teaching on this issue in its proper context, without avoiding excess or defect.

    More reading:

  • Jae

    To Paul who said, “You are saying that people can worship the true God without reference to Christ.”

    So how do you deal with these people who totally have no knowledge of Jesus yet were saved:

    1.) Adam, Noah and David, Moses, Isaiah, Elijah etc. from the great religion of Judaism?

    2.) Malchizedeck, a gentile from the time of Abraham highly favored by God in the Old Testament?

  • PaulF

    Jae, I don’t dispute that invincible ignorance can mean that an individual is not guilty. It is not relevant to the discussion we started off with. Let me tell you why I say that.
    Faith in Jesus gives us direct access to the Father. Invincible ignorance does not.
    Faith in Jesus gives us the power to overcome temptation. Invincible ignorance does not.
    Faith in Jesus gives us the power to expel demons and to bring healing where there is sickness. Invincible ignorance does not.
    Faith in Jesus is the source of our salvation. Invincible ignorance is not. It may keep a door open to the possibility of salvation, but it is in no way the source of salvation.
    The biblical prophecies, the biblical blessings, and the biblical curses are all true and they all take effect, invincible ignorance notwithstanding.
    We are not talking mere theory here. Lives are unblessed, sicknesses are unhealed, the demonized are not delivered, because biblical truth is ignored. Invincible ignorance does not alter any of this. It is a different subject altogether.

    When we tell people of the non Judaeo Christian religions that they are doing right and good in practising their religions, we are deceiving them and we are disgracing ourselves. We as a church have done this consistently since sections 2&3 of Nostra Aetate were signed by a Successor of Peter with the support of the largest ecumenical council in history.
    What we should be telling them is that their religion should point them toward Jesus, in the same way as their astrology pointed the three Magi toward the Child at Bethlehem. The Magi searched diligently for the Child and when they found him, they went in and worshipped him.
    That is what people of all religions are called to do and the Catholic Church has primary responsibility to tell them so.
    Those religions which are still resisting Jesus a full two thousand years after he came among us are proving that they are not moved by a good spirit. Please see 1 John 4:1-4. With great respect to you, any talk of invincible ignorance here is completely out of place. To encourage these religions in what they are doing is perfidious. When the highest leadership of the Catholic Church encourages them it is an unspeakable betrayal of the truth of salvation. Small wonder our church is experiencing very serious problems that are not going away. The Bible predicts all this.
    Yes, I am a Catholic, fully comfortable with the V2 liturgy. And the more I see the effects of sections 2&3 of Nostra Aetate on the post V2 church the more bible based I become, and the more I understand that the Reformation has something to teach us Catholics that far too many of us have not yet learned.

  • jae

    Paul, I think now I know the heart of our misunderstanding which by the way both positions are correct. I’m talking about the “theory” or the Teaching of the Church regarding non-christian people who falls into Non-Culpable and Culpable ignorance, for you however, was about the application of the Teaching by the clergy of the Church in relation to non-christian religions.

    Before anything else, again, I have nothing to disagree with you except when you said, “when we tell people of non Judeo-christian that they are doing right and good in practicing their religions, we are deceiving them and we are disgracing ourselves.”

    Real world scenario: correct maybe for some very few clergy who either misunderstood or misrepresented the true Teaching of VII in Nostra Aetate, which states that:

    “The willingness of the Catholic Church to accept some truths present in other religions in so much as they REFLECT Catholic teaching and *MAY LEAD* souls to the Christ.”

    Paul you also have to consider that for 2,000 years the Catholic Church tried and tried again to convert these non-christian religions to Christ (Buddhists, Islam, Jews etc) yet we didn’t even make a dent, in fact they have grown exponentially throughout those years with violent and bloody wars with us. So, the Church in VII made another strategy, open up and try to dialogue with these different people, maybe they would listen.

    Before Vatican II, it took the Church almost 2,000 years to spread and convert people to the tune of 435 million catholics in 1965. Now only after 50 years after VII, we are 1,250,000,000 BILLION catholics!!! Triple the size in just 50 years!!

    We are not encouraging them rather we are recognizing our differences and some truths we share with them, listening to them then telling them about the loving and saving grace of Christ.

    Look at South Korea a totally non-christian religion for three thousand years now, just after 50 years of VII more than half of them are Christians with Catholics hold the majority. Look at Vietnam too.

    Look at the recent event of Inauguration Mass of Pope Francis, for the first time since the Great schism that divided the West and Eastern Churches 1,000 years ago, the Patriach of Constantinople attended a catholic service of the Church of Rome!

    A lot of Orthodox Hierarchy were surprised, they say not in thousand years they though it would happen but it happen in our generation and the effect it would bring is astoundingly huge in the future on the Unification of both West and Eastern Churches!

    A lot of people from different religions are converting to the Church too. We could argue on the quality of catholics today and from the Middle ages but it’s irrelevant to the argument, rather, the acts of the Church after VII in preaching, proclaiming, spreading of the Gospel and the constant dialogue of the Church with others are bearing fruits, including prominent, bright and scholarly people from a variety of human spectrum swimming across the Tiber river. Numbers don’t lie.

  • PaulF

    Jae, I agree that there were good things in V2. The adaptation of the liturgy to different languages and cultures has allowed the church to become truly universal and I’ve always welcomed that.
    Where I can’t agree with you is in the meaning of Nostra Aetate 2&3 (NA23) and the effects it has had on the church. In NA23 the church took a step that was fundamentally at odds with both Scripture and Tradition. It stated that occultic religions contemplate the divine mystery, can lead people to perfect liberation and illumination, contain what is true and holy, merit the sincere reverence of Christians … The Declaration on Religious Freedom referred to all religions as worshipping ‘the Supreme Being.’
    The moment you honour occultic religion in that way you lose the power of faith because you are stating that there are other spiritual energies, other ways, other authorities, other gods, than Christ. And God will not yield his glory to another, nor his honour to idols. He cannot support us when we do this because he will not collude this lie.
    That is why our church is facing such problems. Scripture predicts it, names the root cause, and now you see it happening.
    Here in Hong Kong I have tried it both ways. At one time I always opened conversation about spiritual truth by telling people how ‘great’ their local religions were. The moment I did this the conversation died the death. It went nowhere.
    I now always urge them to flee other religions like a cat on fire, because Jesus is the only true healer and saviour. It runs counter to everything PC but it does not run counter to the word of God. Later, after I have forgotten the conversation, I receive an invitation to their baptism. If it wasn’t the Lord’s work I wouldn’t believe it myself. But it works like that because God always honours his word. If you stick with his word he will stick with you.
    The church will recover, but I have to admit that it hits me hard when the new Pope calls in the heads of occultic religions and allows them to showcase in his presence, and even tells them they are worshipping the only God … Please don’t tell me they are invincibly ignorant because even if they are, that is not the point at all.

  • PaulF

    Moses, David, Elijah totally had no knowledge of Jesus?
    Jae, they placed their trust in no one else. The word Jesus in Hebrew is Ya Shua, or Yahweh Shua, that is, Yahweh saves, or he-who-is, saves.
    Jesus is Yahweh of Israel, come in the flesh. I can’t believe you don’t know that. Honestly, I can’t.
    Jesus and Yahweh are the same person, with the same hatred of idolatry. It is because Moses, David and Elijah understood his hatred of idolatry that they were made righteous and were saved. It is not because they appealed to invincible ignorance. They never mentioned other gods unless to spit them out of their mouths. That is the whole point of Elijah’s great contest on Mount Carmel. It is the point of the whole Bible.
    Once you understand that Jesus is Yahweh of Israel come in the flesh, it becomes so clear why the NT teaches so insistently that no one can now come to God except through Jesus.