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St Columban’s Rule was less precise but much stricter than St Benedict’s

The monk who defied a synod of bishops

St Columban (November 23) left a great monastic academy in Ireland to restore learning and religion to Gaul

St Edmund Rich served as treasurer of Salisbury Cathedral, above

St Edmund Rich (November 16) had trouble, though, as Archbishop of Canterbury

Leopold’s wife dropped a veil on the site that became Klosterneuburg Abbey

St Leopold of Austria (November 15) was accorded the title Leopold the Good by his people and reigned for 40 years

The Church of St Leonard in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat is a UNESCO  World Heritage Site. The town is named after the Frankish saint

St Leonard (November 6) began to gain renown in the 12th century after a prince attributed his release from a Muslim prison to the saint’s intercession

Even on the scaffold, St Cuthbert Mayne (October 29) refused to endorse Queen Elizabeth’s ecclesiastical supremacy

The Tower of London (Photo: PA)

St Philip Howard (October 19) wrote spiritual works while he was imprisoned

St Margaret Mary

St Margaret Mary Alacoque (October 16) was so devout that she made a vow of chastity aged four

St Francis Borgia Helping a Dying Impenitent by Francisco Goya

The Borgia who became a Jesuit in secret

St Francis Borgia (October 10), cousin of Emperor Charles V, became known as the Jesuits’ ‘second founder’

Tintoretto’s painting of the ascetic and acerbic St Jerome

St Jerome (September 30) had a penchant for sarcasm that created enemies

The body of Padre Pio lies in the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in San Giovanni Rotondo  (AP)

St Pio of Pietrelcina (September 23) decided to be a Capuchin friar at the age of 10