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Pius XI in 1933: four years later he denounced Nazi tenets in an encyclical (AP)

A new book captures the dilemmas facing three popes who were confronted by Fascism and Communism in the 20th century

A celebrated photograph taken by Ernest Brooks during the Battle of Broodseinde on October 4 1917

A peacemaker betrayed

When Pope Benedict XV tried to end the First World War British Catholics shunned him, says Fr Ashley Beck