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A memorial to victims of Nazi euthanasia in Vienna. (PA)

In England ‘we are free to proclaim the sanctity of human life as much as we like’

Fr Franz Reinisch was executed for refusing to serve in the army under the Nazis

Bishops deferred to authority and priests and seminarians mainly followed suit. The lesson? That we must always speak out when our conscience is challenged

Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl and Christoph Probst, June 1942 (Photo © George (Jürgen) Wittenstein / akg-images)

Both Sophie and her fellow German Joseph Ratzinger were inspired by Newman’s writings on conscience

Bettina Goering, left, talks with Shanti Bannwart, whose father was a senior military official in Nazi Germany (PA photo)

None of the interviewees on BBC2’s Hitler’s Children mentioned religious belief at all

The camp commandant said ‘there was no need to waste a bullet’ on Cardinal Kazimierz Świątek

The cardinal who triumphed over Stalin

In 1941 a young priest was condemned to death by the Soviets. He was to become one of the Church’s great leaders

Pope Benedict XVI walks through the gate of Auschwitz in 2006 (Photo: AP)

Pope Benedict issues his message for World Youth Day 2011

Pius XII during a radio broadcast in 1947 (AP Photo/Luigi Felici)

Harold Bloom said he wanted to bin all the remaining copies of his novel. Perhaps that idea could be taken up elsewhere

Pope may have saved thousands of Jewish lives by secretly securing visas so they could escape the Third Reich, a German historian claims